Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.
- Chest tightness
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain and tightness in chest
- Abnormal breathing pattern
- Rapid pulse
- Tobacco smoke
- Changes in weather (most often cold weather)
- Chemicals in the air or in food
- Respiratory infections, such as the common cold
The goal of treatment is to avoid the substances that trigger your symptoms and control airway inflammation. You and your doctor can work together as a team to develop and carry out a plan for eliminating asthma triggers and monitoring symptoms.
- Inhaled corticosteroids prevent symptoms by helping to keep your airways from swelling up.
- Long-acting beta-agonist inhalers also help prevent asthma symptoms. These drugs are almost always used together with an inhaled steroid drug.